These days, Mr Vroom stays on the ground, working as a teacher and giving lectures in his house in the city of Dallas in the United States. A He told friends it was cheaper than paying for a local babysitter. B Even more amazingly, he did this withou
3 Complete the sentences with the present perfect simple or continuous form of the verbs in brackets. Example: Have you ever had(you / ever / have) an operation? 1 How long ______ (you / learn) to play the piano? 2 I ______ (know) Judith since we met
asked the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to carry out a survey to find out if people in the country are, in general, happy or not. Most Britons report being ...
9 If you ______ (have) stomach ache on and off for a month, you should see a doctor. 10 When I arrived at work I realized I ______ (leave) my briefcase on the ...
tones; listening to this music without other distractions. (not while .... A Hip-hop music is great fun. B I listen to ... hurricane in her hometown in 2005/ 2008/ 2011.
8 I was a war ______ when I was young, but I cover economics ... in the shop. 5 I try to avoid .... 3 Do / you / prefer / shopping online / or / visit / shops? Why?
articulation of sounds make the message clear and comprehensible. (5 marks). PRONUNCIATION. 7 1 leather. 2 bilingual. 3 choke. 4 hooded. 5 linen. 6 heart.
... I'd find it too stressful. 5 A I don't think Sam wants to come on holiday with ... doubled that number. According to the .... serious/ friendly/ clever. 3 Graeme thinks ...
6 Sam seems very w________. He obviously knows a lot about life. 6 ... B This community was situated between rivers, mountains, and forests in what is now ...
I don't get paid until next week. A shouldn't have ... 20 This jacket looks exactly _____ the one I used to have when I was a .... I certainly can't touch my. _____. A elbow â¡ B ... 19 I forgot to _____ my hair before I left the house â it looks
10 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A GRAMMAR
1 Complete the sentences with the correct word(s). Example: The children have eaten all of the biscuits. all of all of the all
ENGLISH FILE Upper-intermediate
6 ________ Lake Windermere, in the Lake District, is the largest lake in England. 7 At nearly 7,000 metres, Aconcagua is the highest mountain in ________ Andes. 8 Shakespeare must have been ________ genius to write all those plays.
1 Neither Tim ________ Alastair can come on Friday – they’re too busy. or and nor
9 I’m going to ________ university tomorrow to hear a talk on genetics.
2 The talk isn’t just for university students – ________ can come. all anyone all of students 3 ________ people in the crowd had come to see the fireworks. Most of the Most the The most
10 It’s 11.00 and you’ve been up since 6.00. You really should go to ________ bed. 10 Grammar total
4 It’s a shame that there aren’t ________ places left on the walking tour. any some no 5 We try to go for a walk ________ day, and sometimes do a long one on Sundays. all every all the 6 Kevin’s mum offered us some sandwiches, but ________ of us were hungry. no any none
3 Complete the words in the sentences. Example: Geneticists are learning increasing amounts about how DNA works. 1 I wouldn’t volunteer to be a g________ ________ in a drug trial unless I was desperately ill. 2 These tablets help with my headaches, but they have some strange s________ effects.
7 Helen’s a vegetarian. She doesn’t eat ________ fish or meat. either both neither 8 ________ in this room belongs to me – it was completely empty when I took it. Most of Everything All
3 Helium is the only element that can be gas or liquid but never s________. 4 My uncle needed a blood t________ after he was injured in a car crash. 5 Pharmacists say they need to do more r________ into the new drug. 6 People who work with chickens are the most likely to be i________ by the virus.
9 There’s ________ milk. Do you like black coffee? none no any 10 You can have either cream ________ ice-cream with your fruit. nor or and 10
2 Complete the sentences with a/an, the, or – (no article). Example: My brother has just bought a new computer.
7 Sometimes one scientist comes up with a theory, and another one p________ it later. 8 Scientists have to c________ out repeated experiments to check the results are reliable. 9 On my walk, I came across a g________ who was studying the rocks on the south coast. 10 ‘Eureka!’ is a word that’s still associated with major scientific d________.
1 Let’s go to the coast today. I feel like I need to see ________ sea.
2 It’s 9.30. Matt will be at ________ work by now. 3 Is there ________ choir practice next week? 4 ________ M1, opened in 1959, is the oldest motorway in Britain. 5 I never realized that ________ elephants don’t eat meat.
Eventually, at the suggestion of his father, Sir Marc,
Read the article about a British engineer. Five sentences have been removed. Which sentence (A–F) fits each gap (1–5)? There is one extra sentence you do not need to use.
and the coin was jerked free.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel In surveys to find out who the most important Britons of all time are, Isambard Kingdom Brunel often comes out on top. This famous engineer was noted for the creation of the Great Western Railway and a series of famous steamships. The son of noted engineer Sir Marc Isambard Brunel, Isambard K. Brunel was born in Portsmouth, England on April 9, 1806. His father was working there on the block-making machinery of the Portsmouth Block Mills. The young Brunel was sent to France to be educated at the College of Caen in Normandy and the Lycée Henri-Quatre in Paris. He rose to prominence when, aged 20, he was appointed as the resident engineer of the Thames Tunnel, his father’s greatest achievement. The first of its kind ever built, Isambard spent nearly two years trying to drive the horizontal shaft from one end of it to the other. (–––– 1 ––––) In the meantime, Brunel moved on. In 1833, he was appointed engineer of the Great Western Railway, one of
Isambard was strapped to a board, turned upside-down, Brunel suffered a stroke in 1859, just before the Great Eastern made its first voyage to New York. He died ten days later and is buried, like his father, at Kensal Green Cemetery in London. His son, Henri Marc Brunel, also enjoyed some success as a civil engineer.
A His colleagues and admirers felt the bridge would be a fitting memorial, and started to raise new funds and to amend the design. B Though a failure at its original purpose for passenger travel, it eventually found a role as an engineering ship. C The initial group of engines ordered by Brunel to his own specifications proved unsatisfactory. D Two severe incidents of flooding injured the younger Brunel and ended work on the tunnel for several years, though it was eventually completed. E A special medical tool failed to remove it, as did a machine to shake it loose created by Brunel himself. F Even before the Great Western Railway was opened, Brunel was moving on to his next project to build ships which could sail across the Atlantic.
the wonders of Victorian Britain. Running from London to
Bristol (and a few years later, to Exeter), the Great Western contained a series of impressive achievements, such as viaducts, stations, and tunnels, that ignited the imagination of the technically-minded Britons of the age. Brunel soon became one of the most famous men in Britain. (–––– 2 ––––) He used his prestige to convince his railway company employers to build the Great Western, at the time by far the largest steamship in the world. It first sailed in 1837. The Great Britain followed in 1843, and was the first of its kind to cross the Atlantic Ocean. Building on these successes, Brunel turned to a third ship in
Write an article about the following topic: ‘An important invention’.
Write 140–180 words. Include the following information: • say what the invention is and how it works • explain why you think it is so important • describe the impact this invention has had on the world
1852, even larger than both of its predecessors. The Great Eastern was cutting-edge technology for its time — it was the largest ship ever built until the RMS Lusitania launched in 1906 — and it soon ran over budget and schedule in the
1 Listen to five people talking about an embarrassing situation they’ve found themselves in. Choose from the list (A–F) which situation each person mentions. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter you do not need to use.
1 Make questions and ask your partner.
A It happened when they were in a hurry. B It happened while they were working on something. C It happened while they were complaining about something. D It happened while they were working out at the gym. E It happened when they were out for the evening. F It happened while they were relaxing. Speaker 1: Speaker 2: Speaker 3: Speaker 4: Speaker 5:
1 Which / famous person / you / like / meet? Why? 2 you ever / make a speech? Why? What / about? 3 When / last hear / a good speech? 4 What / the most important scientific discovery of the last century? Why? 5 you / think students study enough science at school? Why? / Why not?
Now answer your partner’s questions. 2 Listen to your partner talking about science. Do you agree with him / her? 3 Talk about the statement below, saying if you agree or disagree. Give reasons. ‘Scientists have a moral responsibility to help the world.’
2 Listen to part of a talk a woman is giving on a famous scientist. Underline the correct answer.
Listening and Speaking total
1 Stephen received his early education in London / St Albans / Oxford. 2 Stephen’s first choice of subject to study at university was medicine / physics / maths. 3 When Stephen first left university, he went to work at another university / decided to do further research / took some time to consider his future. 4 In the early 1960s, it became clear that Stephen had a problem with depression / his muscles / his senses. 5 In actual fact, Stephen can thank a surgeon called Roger Grey / consultants in the hospital in Geneva / his wife for the fact that his life support machine was not switched off. 5 Listening total