articulation of sounds make the message clear and comprehensible. (5 marks). PRONUNCIATION. 7 1 leather. 2 bilingual. 3 choke. 4 hooded. 5 linen. 6 heart.
tones; listening to this music without other distractions. (not while .... A Hip-hop music is great fun. B I listen to ... hurricane in her hometown in 2005/ 2008/ 2011.
9 If you ______ (have) stomach ache on and off for a month, you should see a doctor. 10 When I arrived at work I realized I ______ (leave) my briefcase on the ...
8 I was a war ______ when I was young, but I cover economics ... in the shop. 5 I try to avoid .... 3 Do / you / prefer / shopping online / or / visit / shops? Why?
3 Complete the sentences with the present perfect simple or continuous form of the verbs in brackets. Example: Have you ever had(you / ever / have) an operation? 1 How long ______ (you / learn) to play the piano? 2 I ______ (know) Judith since we met
These days, Mr Vroom stays on the ground, working as a teacher and giving lectures in his house in the city of Dallas in the United States. A He told friends it was cheaper than paying for a local babysitter. B Even more amazingly, he did this withou
CLASS. ENGLISH FILE. Upper-intermediate. 10 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A. 6 ______ Lake Windermere, in the Lake District, is the largest lake in England. 7 At nearly 7,000 metres, Aconcagua is the highest mountain in ______ Andes. 8 Shake
4 My boss has refused _____ me have the day off for my birthday. A letting â¡ B to let â¡ C let ... 11 I often listen to football on Radio 7 â I really like their _____.
6 Jason won't mind you using his computer â he's very l________-back. 7 Why did ... 1 do / to / how / for / guests / need / cook / we / many / ? 2 to / aren't / you ...
platform. 5 We ______ (cook) breakfast when Jeff finally got up. 6 I got to the supermarket and realized I .... C They accused him of selling his companion ticket,.
1 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A GRAMMAR
1 Order the words to make questions and sentences. Example: you / the / enjoy / didn’t / meal / ? Didn’t you enjoy the meal?
ENGLISH FILE Upper-intermediate
3 Read the questions and complete the indirect questions. Example: What time is it? Do you know what time it is? 1 Why did she leave without saying goodbye? I wonder ____________________________________ ______________________?
1 cinema / night / the / go / last / you / did / to / ? 2 seen / film / the / you’ve / isn’t / this / ever / best / ? 3 higher / up / heating / colder / the / it / , / the / the / I / gets / turn / 4 do / to / how / for / people / need / cook / we / many / ? 5 nationalities / class / the / what / your / students / in / are / ? 6 to / aren’t / you / home / glad / didn’t / you / go / that / decide / ? 7 speak / you / be / better / practise / , / to / more / the / you / will / the / able / 8 eating / chocolate / should / be / much / you / that / ? 8
2 When does college end for the summer? I’m not sure _________________________________ ______________________. 3 Can we bring guests to the party? Do you have any idea __________________________ ______________________? 4 What type of batteries does this need? Do you know ________________________________ ______________________? 5 Where are the toilets? Can you tell me ______________________________ ______________________? 6 How many people have you invited? I can’t remember _____________________________ ______________________?
2 Complete the sentences with an auxiliary verb. Example: Your sister speaks Spanish, doesn’t she?
1 You’ve been to Greece before, ________ you? 2 A Will Rhona be coming to the meeting? B No, she ________. She’s in Berlin.
3 We both like skiing, but none of our children ________.
4 Complete the words in the sentences.
4 A I’d love to be an actor. B ________ you? I think I’d find it too stressful. 5 A I don’t think Sam wants to come on holiday with us this year. B He ________ want to! He told me yesterday. 6 A We’re having a Chinese takeaway tonight. B So ________ we!
Example: Hannah isn’t very open to new ideas – she’s quite narrow-minded. 1 It’s difficult to get Henry to spend money – he’s rather tight-f________. 2 Jason will be relaxed about you borrowing his bike – he’s very l________-back.
3 I’ve forgotten my PIN number again – I’m getting quite a________-minded these days. 4 Why did you say that to Jane when you told me the opposite? You’re so two-f________. 5 You should think about other people more – you’re too s________-centred. 6 You’re not a difficult and moody person – you’re very well-b________ on the whole. 7 Don’t say anything that might make Jack angry – he’s very bad-t________. 8 If Alan wants something he fights until he gets it – he’s extremely strong-w________. 9 Gina will be happy to go wherever you want to – she’s pretty easy-g________.
Example: A person who contacts people and offers them a job with a new company headhunter 1 destroy someone’s confidence ________ 2 person looking for employment ________
5 Pronunciation total
Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation total
3 person who has applied for a job ________ 4 popular way of doing something ________ 5 the first to do something in a new and different way ________ 6 very strange and unusual ________ 6 Vocabulary total
The MBTI was invented thanks to an awkward relationship
Read the article about personality tests. Five sentences have been removed. Which sentence (A–F) fits each gap (1–5)? There is one extra sentence you do not need to use.
Briggs, a wealthy housewife from Washington DC, realized
Personality Tests: Can They Identify The Real You? The next time you apply for a job, you might be asked to take a personality test. Even though the companies that make the tests are not keen on them actually being used to select staff during the interview process, the business of personality is big and growing. But do the tests work? A few years back, my niece was looking for a summer job. (–––– 1 ––––) But before the interview, she had to fill out an online application including a psychometric test – a test which would reveal a lot about her personality. She explained that there was a whole section on ethics and how you’d react in a particular situation, like dealing with a difficult customer, for example. And apparently the message was pretty clear – if you’re easily annoyed, don’t be a waitress. (–––– 2 ––––) Personality tests are now appearing in all types of industry. In a global recession, many firms want to be sure they are employing the most suitable person for the job. They cannot afford to pick the wrong one. Smaller profits also mean staff are working under more stress. Therefore, companies want to make sure their employees get on with each other. Disagreements are costly and inefficient. In the US alone, there are about 2,500 personality tests on the market. One of the most popular is called the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, or MBTI. (–––– 3 ––––) It has also been adopted by governments and military agencies around the world. ‘Myers-Briggs is the most successful psychometric test out
between a woman and her future son-in-law. Katherine Clarence Myers was a good match for her daughter, Isabel, when she brought him home from college. He seemed like a nice young man, but his way of thinking was so strange to her that she turned to books for help. Jung’s Psychological Types fascinated her, and soon Isabel was infected by her mother’s enthusiasm. (–––– 5 ––––). Jung only identified eight personality types, but Isabel Briggs Myers doubled that number. According to the MBTI, everybody can be described by four letters chosen out of a total of eight, for example ISFJ or ENTP. The various combinations of letters make up the sixteen personality types. Apparently the overwhelming majority of the 2.5 million Americans who take the MBTI assessment each year feel their results do fit their personalities. However, the Myers Briggs Foundation itself discourages the use of the test for hiring and firing. Instead, they see it as a means of getting employees to think about how they interact with colleagues and work as a team. So, if you are asked to do a personality test in the future, think carefully about the reason behind it. It may not be for the reason you thought!
A Used by 89 of the top 100 companies, it has been translated into 24 languages. B She heard the tips were good in a restaurant in Chicago, and decided to apply. C Over the next two decades, the pair became very interested in how people behave. D On the other hand, according to one author, as many as 75% of test takers achieve a different personality type when tested for a second time. E He suggested that in terms of each pair of qualities, we tend to be one or the other. F Andrea was surprised, but was faced with a similar test when she applied to work in a bookshop.
there and deservedly so,’ says Rachel Robinson of the
consultancy firm YSC in central London. ‘It has been a fantastic vehicle for people to think about themselves and how others are different.’ Perhaps its attraction lies in its simplicity – according to the MBTI, we all match one of 16 character types. But it’s the fact that it is so straightforward that makes some people suspicious. Like many personality tests, MBTI is based on the work of Carl Jung, the Swiss psychiatrist who, together with Sigmund Freud, helped lay the foundations of modern psychology. Jung developed the idea of opposite pairs of
Write an email to your friend telling him / her about something unusual that happened to you recently. Write 140–180 words. Include the following information: • say what happened to you • explain where you were when it happened • describe how you acted in this situation
characteristics. This refers to qualities such as being
1 Listen to five people talking about which characteristics in a person annoy them. Choose from the list (A–F) which characteristic each person mentions. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter you do not need to use.
1 Make questions and ask your partner. 1 How long / learn English? 2 How / relax? 3 What / enjoy / doing / when / have / some free time? 4 Do / spend / much time / use / the internet? Why / Why not?
A behaving carelessly B being untidy C behaving selfishly D behaving rudely E showing unreliability F being impatient
5 What / earliest memory?
Now answer your partner’s questions. 2 Listen to your partner talking about friendship. Do you agree with him / her?
3 Talk about the statement below, saying if you agree or disagree. Give reasons. ‘It is important for friends to be interested in the same things.’ 5
2 Listen to a young businessman talking about job interviews. Underline the correct answer.
Listening and Speaking total
1 For Graeme the hardest thing about the interview was finding examples of his successes / ways to keep his answers short / time to get ready. 2 Graeme says the people who interviewed him were serious / friendly / clever. 3 Graeme thinks he answered a few / most / all of the questions well. 4 After the interview, Graeme thought someone with a different background / different qualifications / more experience would be chosen. 5 According to Graeme, on the day of the interview the most important thing is to be on time / as you usually are / well-dressed. 5 Listening total