These days, Mr Vroom stays on the ground, working as a teacher and giving lectures in his house in the city of Dallas in the United States. A He told friends it was cheaper than paying for a local babysitter. B Even more amazingly, he did this withou
CLASS. ENGLISH FILE. Upper-intermediate. 10 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A. 6 ______ Lake Windermere, in the Lake District, is the largest lake in England. 7 At nearly 7,000 metres, Aconcagua is the highest mountain in ______ Andes. 8 Shake
3 Complete the sentences with the present perfect simple or continuous form of the verbs in brackets. Example: Have you ever had(you / ever / have) an operation? 1 How long ______ (you / learn) to play the piano? 2 I ______ (know) Judith since we met
asked the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to carry out a survey to find out if people in the country are, in general, happy or not. Most Britons report being ...
9 If you ______ (have) stomach ache on and off for a month, you should see a doctor. 10 When I arrived at work I realized I ______ (leave) my briefcase on the ...
tones; listening to this music without other distractions. (not while .... A Hip-hop music is great fun. B I listen to ... hurricane in her hometown in 2005/ 2008/ 2011.
8 I was a war ______ when I was young, but I cover economics ... in the shop. 5 I try to avoid .... 3 Do / you / prefer / shopping online / or / visit / shops? Why?
articulation of sounds make the message clear and comprehensible. (5 marks). PRONUNCIATION. 7 1 leather. 2 bilingual. 3 choke. 4 hooded. 5 linen. 6 heart.
... I'd find it too stressful. 5 A I don't think Sam wants to come on holiday with ... doubled that number. According to the .... serious/ friendly/ clever. 3 Graeme thinks ...
6 Sam seems very w________. He obviously knows a lot about life. 6 ... B This community was situated between rivers, mountains, and forests in what is now ...
1 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation B GRAMMAR
1 Order the words to make questions and sentences. Example: you / the / enjoy / didn’t / meal / ? Didn’t you enjoy the meal? 1 do / to / how / for / guests / need / cook / we / many / ? 2 to / aren’t / you / home / pleased / didn’t / you / go / that / decide / ? 3 speak / you / be / better / practise / , / to / more / the / you / will / the / able / 4 seen / film / the / you’ve / isn’t / this / ever / best / horror / ?
ENGLISH FILE Upper-intermediate
3 How many colleagues have you asked to come? I can’t remember _____________________________ _______________________? 4 Why did she go out without taking her coat? I wonder ____________________________________ _______________________? 5 Can we take friends to the show? Do you have any idea __________________________ _______________________? 6 When does the office close for Easter? I’m not sure _________________________________ _______________________. 6
5 theatre / night / the / go / last / you / did / to / ? 6 eating / really / sugar / should / be / much / you / that / ?
7 nationalities / class / the / what / your / people / in / are / ?
8 higher / up / heating / colder / the / it / , / the / the / I / gets / turn / 8
4 Complete the words in the sentences. Example: Hannah isn’t very open to new ideas – she’s quite narrow-minded. 1 Kevin gets angry really easily – he’s extremely bad-t________.
2 Complete the sentences with an auxiliary verb.
2 I’m always happy to try something new and different – I’m pretty o________-minded.
Example: Your sister speaks Spanish, doesn’t she? 1 We both like sailing, but none of our friends ________.
3 If I really want something I’ll do anything to get it – I’m very strong-w________.
2 A We’re having an Indian meal this evening. B So ________ we!
4 Jackie will go along with whatever you want to do – she’s pretty easy-g________.
3 You’d been to the States before, ________ you?
5 Brian hardly ever spends any money – he’s very tight-f________.
4 A I’d love to be a doctor. B ________ you? I think I’d find it too demanding.
6 Jason won’t mind you using his computer – he’s very l________-back.
5 A Will Anna be coming to the conference? B No, she ________. She’s in Paris. 6 A I don’t think Belinda wants to come to the beach this afternoon. B She ________ want to! She told me this morning. 6
3 Read the questions and complete the indirect questions.
7 Why did you tell Paula that and tell me something different? You’re so two-f________. 8 You ought to consider other people’s needs sometimes – you’re too s________-centred. 9 I don’t think she’s a difficult character – she seems very well-b________ on the whole. 10 I’ve forgotten my password again – I’m becoming more a________-minded these days.
Example: What time is it? Do you know what time it is?
Briggs, a wealthy housewife from Washington DC, realized
Read the article about personality tests. Five sentences have been removed. Which sentence (A–F) fits each gap (1–5)? There is one extra sentence you do not need to use.
when she brought him home from college. (–––– 5 ––––)
The Myers-Biggs Type Indicator
Clarence Myers was a good match for her daughter, Isabel, Jung’s Psychological Types fascinated her and soon Isabel was infected by her mother’s enthusiasm. Over the next two decades, the pair became very interested in how people behave. Jung only identified eight personality types, but Isabel Briggs Myers eventually doubled that number. According to the MBTI, everybody can be described by four letters chosen out of a total of eight, for example ISFJ or
The business of personality tests is big and growing. As
ENTP. The various combinations of letters make up the
more people are looking for work, the competition for jobs
sixteen personality types.
gets greater and greater, and companies are looking to new ways to find the best person for the job. So the next time you apply for a job, you might be asked to take a personality test. How effective are these tests, though?
Apparently the overwhelming majority of the 2.5 million Americans who take the MBTI assessment each year feel their results do fit their personalities. However, the Myers Briggs Foundation itself discourages the use of the test for
Several years ago, Andrea was looking for a summer job to
hiring and firing. Instead, they see it mainly as a means of
pay her way through college. She heard the tips were good
getting employees to think about how they interact with
in a restaurant in Chicago, and decided to apply. But before
colleagues and work as a team. So, if you are asked to do a
the interview, she had to fill out an online application
personality test at some point in the future, think carefully
including a psychometric test – a test which would reveal a
about the reason behind it. It may not be for the reason you
lot about her personality. She explained that there was a
whole section on ethics and how you’d react in a given situation, like dealing with a difficult customer, for example. (–––– 1 ––––) Andrea was surprised, but was faced with a similar test when she applied to work in a bookshop. Personality tests are now appearing in all types of industry. In a global recession, many firms want to be sure they are employing the most suitable person for the job. They cannot afford to pick the wrong one. Smaller profits also mean staff are working under more stress. (–––– 2 ––––) Disagreements are costly and inefficient. In the US alone, there are about 2,500 personality tests on the market. (–––– 3 ––––) Used by 89 of the top 100 companies, it has been translated into 24 languages. It has also been adopted by governments and military agencies around the world. ‘Myers-Briggs is the most successful psychometric test out there and deservedly so,’ says
A Therefore, companies want to make sure their employees get on with each other. B He seemed like a nice young man, but his way of thinking was so strange to her that she turned to books for help. C On the other hand, according to one author, as many as 75% of test takers achieve a different personality type when tested for a second time D And apparently the message was pretty clear – if you’re easily annoyed, don’t be a waitress. E This refers to qualities such as being friendly or unfriendly, or lazy or hard-working, which are present in all of us. F One of the most popular is called the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, or MBTI.
Rachel Robinson of the consultancy firm YSC in central
London. ‘It has been a fantastic vehicle for people to think about themselves and how others are different.’ Perhaps its attraction lies in its simplicity – according to the MBTI, we all match one of 16 character types. But it’s the fact that it is so straightforward that makes some people suspicious. Like many personality tests, MBTI is based on the work of Carl Jung, the Swiss psychiatrist who, together with Sigmund Freud, helped lay the foundations of modern psychology. Jung developed the idea of opposed pairs of characteristics. (–––– 4 ––––) He suggested that in terms of
Write an email to your friend telling him / her about something unusual that happened to you recently. Write 140–180 words. Include the following information: • say what happened to you • explain where you were when it happened • describe how you acted in this situation
1 Listen to five people talking about which characteristics in a person annoy them. Choose from the list (A–F) which characteristic each person mentions. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter you do not need to use.
1 Answer your partner’s questions.
A being messy B showing impoliteness C not being reliable D being jealous E not considering other people F not being careful
Now make questions and ask your partner. 1 How long / learn English? 2 How / relax? 3 What / enjoy / doing / when / have / some free time? 4 Do / spend / much time / use / the internet? Why / Why not? 5 What / earliest memory?
2 Talk about the statement below, saying if you agree or disagree. Give reasons.
‘It’s important for friends to be interested in the same things.’
3 Listen to your partner talking about friendship. Do you agree with him / her? 5
2 Listen to a young businessman talking about job interviews. Underline the correct answer.
Listening and Speaking total
1 Graeme feels that he didn’t give enough examples / his answers weren’t always short enough / he didn’t spend enough time getting ready. 2 Graeme thinks his interviewers are successful / helpful / cheerful people. 3 Graeme says he had a rough idea / had no idea / predicted in advance what the questions in the interview would be. 4 Graeme felt confident about his experience / abilities / qualifications. 5 Graeme advises people to try to be confident / ask questions about the company / behave as normal during the interview. 5 Listening total