These days, Mr Vroom stays on the ground, working as a teacher and giving lectures in his house in the city of Dallas in the United States. A He told friends it was cheaper than paying for a local babysitter. B Even more amazingly, he did this withou
CLASS. ENGLISH FILE. Upper-intermediate. 10 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A. 6 ______ Lake Windermere, in the Lake District, is the largest lake in England. 7 At nearly 7,000 metres, Aconcagua is the highest mountain in ______ Andes. 8 Shake
asked the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to carry out a survey to find out if people in the country are, in general, happy or not. Most Britons report being ...
9 If you ______ (have) stomach ache on and off for a month, you should see a doctor. 10 When I arrived at work I realized I ______ (leave) my briefcase on the ...
tones; listening to this music without other distractions. (not while .... A Hip-hop music is great fun. B I listen to ... hurricane in her hometown in 2005/ 2008/ 2011.
8 I was a war ______ when I was young, but I cover economics ... in the shop. 5 I try to avoid .... 3 Do / you / prefer / shopping online / or / visit / shops? Why?
articulation of sounds make the message clear and comprehensible. (5 marks). PRONUNCIATION. 7 1 leather. 2 bilingual. 3 choke. 4 hooded. 5 linen. 6 heart.
... I'd find it too stressful. 5 A I don't think Sam wants to come on holiday with ... doubled that number. According to the .... serious/ friendly/ clever. 3 Graeme thinks ...
6 Sam seems very w________. He obviously knows a lot about life. 6 ... B This community was situated between rivers, mountains, and forests in what is now ...
I don't get paid until next week. A shouldn't have ... 20 This jacket looks exactly _____ the one I used to have when I was a .... I certainly can't touch my. _____. A elbow â¡ B ... 19 I forgot to _____ my hair before I left the house â it looks
2 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation B
ENGLISH FILE Upper-intermediate
3 Complete the sentences with the present perfect simple or continuous form of the verbs in brackets.
1 Underline the correct word(s).
Example: Have you ever had (you / ever / have) an operation?
Example: In some towns there isn’t enough entertainment for young / the young.
1 How long ________ (you / learn) to play the piano?
1 The Italian / Italians really enjoy their food. 2 Poor / The poor are getting poorer it seems to me. 3 The Chinese / Chineses are travelling as tourists more and more. 4 An Irish / Irishman walked into a bar and looked at the barman. 5 If life expectancy increases, elderly / the elderly will become a majority.
2 I ________ (know) Judith since we met at university. 3 This is the third time I ________ (hear) that excuse. I don’t believe you! 4 The light in my study ________ (go) on and off all evening. 5 Jeff ________ (not post) on his blog very often in the last couple of months. 6 I’m really tired because I ________ (garden) for my mother all morning.
6 The French / French are very enthusiastic about their films. 6
2 Order the words to make sentences.
7 We ________ (just / notice) that you’ve got a new car! 8 How many years ________ (your parents / have) this apartment? 8
Example: steak / like / juicy / nice / feel / I / a / big I feel like a nice big juicy steak.
1 little / found / stay / hotel / lovely / we / French / a / in / to
2 the / some / black / I / scarves / market / nice / at / bought / silk / very
4 Underline the correct word(s).
3 little / was / on / wooden / hill / beautiful / there / old / a / the / house 4 yesterday / horrible / hat / what / was / red / wearing / a / big / Celia / ! 5 brother / gorgeous / had / linen / my / on / a / jacket / younger / new 6 brand / has / sports / orange / a / Jack / new / got / car / Italian 6
Example: I only like natural materials – I never wear nylon / linen. 1 I’m going to get some lycra / velvet shorts for my cycling holiday. 2 It’s going to be warm tonight so I can wear my new long-sleeved / sleeveless top. 3 The school bus will be here in twenty minutes – get dressed / dress up! 4 Do you have this jacket in a bigger size – it’s too loose / tight? 5 That skirt is the perfect colour – it suits / matches that cardigan. 6 I love your checked / striped shirt, the one with the pink and black squares. 6
2 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation B 5 Complete the words in the sentences.
Example: Sally doesn’t like sharing her friends. She’s very possessive. 1 We don’t feel safe in the city centre at night. We feel v_____________. 2 Julia is very w________. She’s obviously learnt from all her experiences in life. 3 I don’t enjoy going to new places – I’m just not a very a______________ person.
‘This might prove that the Copper Age started in Europe at
Read the article about an historical discovery about fashion. Five sentences have been removed. Which sentence (A–F) fits each gap (1–5)? There is one extra sentence you do not need to use.
said. The Copper Age represents the first use of tools by
Fashion in the Stone Age For more than 40 years, fashion experts have argued over the origins of the mini skirt. (–––– 1 ––––) However, others think it was a man from France called André Courrèges. And some experts even believe it made its first appearance in Hollywood 10 years earlier. But now archaeologists say the true origins of the mini skirt go back to the very beginning of civilization. (–––– 2 ––––) The
least 500 years earlier than we thought,’ Dr Kuzmanovic´ humans. It is thought to have started around 4,000 BC in south-east Europe, and earlier in the Middle East. The discovery of Europe’s oldest underground mine at the nearby Mlava river suggested at the time that Vinca could be the first place in Europe to use metal, a theory which seems to be supported by the Plocnik site.
A A series of stone statues wearing the prehistoric fashions were found at one of Europe’s oldest known villages. B Some say British designer Mary Quant came up with the design in the 1960s.
trend at the time was to wear them with short tops and
C It was first discovered in 1927.
D People slept on rugs and fur, made clothes of wool and leather, and kept animals.
(–––– 3 ––––) This is a community that’s situated between rivers, mountains, and forests in what is now southern Siberia. The findings in this ancient village back the origins of fashion and art in Europe by hundreds of years, to a time when our ancestors were actually just learning about farming. ‘According to the statues we found, young women
E They celebrated beauty and produced 60 different forms of wonderful pottery and statues. F They have uncovered evidence that Stone Age women were, in fact, wearing them more than 7,500 years ago.
were beautifully dressed, like today’s girls,’ said
archaeologist Julka Kuzmanovic-Cvetkovi ´ c. ´ The unnamed tribe of people lived between 5,400 and 4,700 BC in the 120-hectare site at what is now Plocnik in Serbia. Various things found at the site show us that they knew about trade, art, and how to sew. (–––– 4 ––––) According to Dr Kuzmanovic, ´ these not only represent the things they respected, but also things they got enjoyment from. Women, it seems, have always paid attention to their appearance. Little is known about the life of the people – known as the
Write an email to your friend telling him / her about a historic place of interest in your country. Write 140–180 words. Include the following information: • say how old the place is • describe the place • explain why you like / don’t like the place
Vinca – who made the statues. The Vinca culture developed quickly between 5,500 and 4,000 BC in Bosnia, Serbia, Romania, and Macedonia. It got its name from the present-day village of Vinca on the Danube River near
Reading and Writing total
Belgrade where eight villages have been found. The latest discoveries suggest these early farmers were more advanced than we think. The dead were buried in a tidy cemetery, houses had stoves, and there were special holes for rubbish. (–––– 5 ––––) It seems that they were especially fond of children. This is clear because some of the things found include toys, such as animals and rattles of clay, and small, badly crafted pots apparently made by children at playtime. One of the most exciting finds for archaeologists was the discovery of a sophisticated metal workshop.
1 Listen to five young people talking about following fashion. Choose from the list (A–F) which problem each person mentions. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter you do not need to use.
1 Answer your partner’s questions. Now make questions and ask your partner. 1 What / favourite / type / clothes? 2 Do / buy / clothes / online? Why / Why not?
A the narrow range of sizes there is to choose from B the time it takes for delivery C the selection of clothes there is to choose from D items of clothing which are not well made E the price of fashion F the colours there are to choose from
3 Is / important / look / fashionable? Why? 4 Do / think / famous designers / charge / fair prices / their clothes? Why / Why not? 5 What / do / old clothes / don’t wear anymore?
2 Talk about the statement below, saying if you agree or disagree. Give reasons.
‘A positive attitude is the best way to stay healthy.’
3 Listen to your partner talking about the importance of clothes and appearance. Do you agree with him / her? 5
2 Listen to a young woman talking about setting up a fashion company and underline the correct answer.
Listening and Speaking total
1 The business that Anna set up sells male / female / children’s fashions. 2 To get started in business, Anna used money she had saved / money her family gave her / money a friend lent her. 3 Anna worked from her bedroom / the garage / an office in the early days. 4 Anna’s success is due to the support she’s had / her own hard work / people she knows. 5 Anna suggests that the thing of most value to people who want to start a business is to study business / get lots of information / get some experience. 5 Listening total