articulation of sounds make the message clear and comprehensible. (5 marks). PRONUNCIATION. 7 1 leather. 2 bilingual. 3 choke. 4 hooded. 5 linen. 6 heart.
tones; listening to this music without other distractions. (not while .... A Hip-hop music is great fun. B I listen to ... hurricane in her hometown in 2005/ 2008/ 2011.
9 If you ______ (have) stomach ache on and off for a month, you should see a doctor. 10 When I arrived at work I realized I ______ (leave) my briefcase on the ...
8 I was a war ______ when I was young, but I cover economics ... in the shop. 5 I try to avoid .... 3 Do / you / prefer / shopping online / or / visit / shops? Why?
... I'd find it too stressful. 5 A I don't think Sam wants to come on holiday with ... doubled that number. According to the .... serious/ friendly/ clever. 3 Graeme thinks ...
These days, Mr Vroom stays on the ground, working as a teacher and giving lectures in his house in the city of Dallas in the United States. A He told friends it was cheaper than paying for a local babysitter. B Even more amazingly, he did this withou
3 Complete the sentences with the present perfect simple or continuous form of the verbs in brackets. Example: Have you ever had(you / ever / have) an operation? 1 How long ______ (you / learn) to play the piano? 2 I ______ (know) Judith since we met
CLASS. ENGLISH FILE. Upper-intermediate. 10 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A. 6 ______ Lake Windermere, in the Lake District, is the largest lake in England. 7 At nearly 7,000 metres, Aconcagua is the highest mountain in ______ Andes. 8 Shake
4 My boss has refused _____ me have the day off for my birthday. A letting â¡ B to let â¡ C let ... 11 I often listen to football on Radio 7 â I really like their _____.
6 Jason won't mind you using his computer â he's very l________-back. 7 Why did ... 1 do / to / how / for / guests / need / cook / we / many / ? 2 to / aren't / you ...
10 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation B
ENGLISH FILE Upper-intermediate
7 I went to ________ university in London.
1 Complete the sentences with the correct word(s).
8 I often take my paints with me on the beach. I love painting ________ sea.
Example: The children have eaten all of the biscuits. all of all of the all
9 I think Damian will be at ________ work still – he said he had to work late.
1 We could have either Indian ________ Chinese food. nor or and
10 ________ M4 is the motorway which runs from London to Wales.
2 ________ in this part of the shop costs a pound or less. Most of Everything All
10 Grammar total
3 Mike is a vegetarian. He doesn’t eat ________ fish or meat. either both neither 4 The club isn’t just for professional astronomers – ________ can join. all anyone all of students
3 Complete the words in the sentences. Example: Geneticists are learning increasing amounts about how DNA works.
5 We thought about buying some pizza, but ________ of us were hungry. no any none 6 We’ve got ________ tea. Is coffee OK? none no any
1 My brother’s a g________ and is always picking up rocks to study. 2 Farmers working with pigs are most likely to be i________ by the virus. 3 It’s not enough to develop a theory, you have to be able to p________ it in the lab.
7 I’m so disappointed that there aren’t ________ tickets left for the play. any some no
4 Helium can be a gas or liquid but never a s________. 5 ‘Eureka!’ is a word we associate with major scientific d________.
8 I go jogging ________ day except Sundays, when I just go for a long walk. all every all the
6 We need to c________ out some more experiments to check the results are reliable. 7 I don’t think I’d volunteer to be a g________ ________ in a drug trial because of the risks.
9 ________ students attending the talk were postgraduates. Most of the Most the The most
8 We need to do some more r________ into the drug before we can be sure it is effective.
10 Neither Hannah ________ Lisa will be here on Friday – they’re going away. or and nor
9 The drug was effective, but unfortunately it had some unpleasant s________ effects. 10
10 The victim of the shooting was saved by a blood t________.
2 Complete the sentences with a/an, the, or – (no article).
In 1843, while performing a conjuring trick for the
Read the article about a British engineer. Five sentences have been removed. Which sentence (A–F) fits each gap (1–5)? There is one extra sentence you do not need to use.
coin which became lodged in his throat. A special medical
Isambard Kingdom Brunel In surveys to find out who the most important Britons of all time are, Isambard Kingdom Brunel often comes out on top. This famous engineer was noted for the creation of the Great Western Railway and a series of famous steamships. The son of noted engineer Sir Marc Isambard Brunel,
amusement of his children, he accidentally swallowed a tool failed to remove it, as did a machine to shake it loose created by Brunel himself. Eventually, at the suggestion of his father, Sir Marc, Isambard was strapped to a board, turned upside-down, and the coin was jerked free. Brunel suffered a stroke in 1859, just before the Great Eastern made its first voyage to New York. He died ten days later and is buried, like his father, at Kensal Green Cemetery in London. His son, Henri Marc Brunel, also enjoyed some success as a civil engineer.
Isambard K. Brunel was born in Portsmouth, England on
A In the meantime, Brunel moved on.
April 9, 1806. His father was working there on the
B Work started in 1862, and was complete by 1864, five years after Brunel’s death
block-making machinery of the Portsmouth Block Mills. The young Brunel was sent to France to be educated at the College of Caen in Normandy and the Lycée Henri-Quatre in Paris. He rose to prominence when, aged 20, he was appointed as the resident engineer of the Thames Tunnel, his father’s greatest achievement. (–––– 1 ––––)Two severe incidents of flooding injured the younger Brunel and ended work on the tunnel for several years, though it was eventually completed. (–––– 2 ––––) In 1833, he was appointed engineer of the Great Western Railway, one of the wonders of Victorian Britain.
C The initial group of engines ordered by Brunel to his own specifications proved unsatisfactory. D The ship is widely perceived as a waste of money. E The first of its kind ever built, Isambard spent nearly two years trying to drive the horizontal shaft from one end of it to the other. F He used his prestige to convince his railway company employers to build the Great Western, at the time by far the largest steamship in the world.
Running from London to Bristol (and a few years later, to
Exeter), the Great Western contained a series of impressive achievements, such as viaducts, stations, and tunnels, that ignited the imagination of the technically-minded Britons of the age. Brunel soon became one of the most famous men in Britain due to this. Even before the Great Western Railway was opened, Brunel was moving on to his next project to build ships which could sail across the Atlantic. (–––– 3 ––––) It first sailed in 1837. The Great Britain followed in 1843, and was the first of its kind to cross the Atlantic Ocean. Building on these successes, Brunel turned to a third ship in
Write an article about the following topic: ‘An important invention’.
Write 140–180 words. Include the following information: • say what the invention is and how it works • explain why you think it is so important • describe the impact this invention has had on the world
1852, even larger than both of its predecessors. The Great Eastern was cutting-edge technology for its time — it was the largest ship ever built until the RMS Lusitania launched in 1906 — and it soon ran over budget and schedule in the
1 Listen to five people talking about an embarrassing situation they’ve found themselves in. Choose from the list (A–F) which situation each person mentions. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter you do not need to use.
1 Answer your partner’s questions.
A It happened while they were working out at the gym. B It happened while they were criticizing someone. C It happened while they were relaxing. D It happened while they were having fun with friends. E It happened while they were rushing to do something. F It happened while they were doing a job at home. Speaker 1: Speaker 2: Speaker 3: Speaker 4: Speaker 5:
Now make questions and ask your partner. 1 How / feel when / have to talk in public? 2 What / like to do when / visit a new town or city? 3 What / the best restaurant to visit in the place where you live and why? 4 What invention or discovery / like scientists to make in the next few years? 5 you / think students study enough science at school? Why? / Why not?
2 Talk about the statement below, saying if you agree or disagree. Give reasons. ‘Big cities are the best places for young people to live.’
3 Listen to your partner talking about science. Do you agree with him / her? 5
2 Listen to part of a talk a woman is giving on a famous scientist. Underline the correct answer.
Listening and Speaking total
1 Stephen attended the same primary school / high school / university as one of his parents. 2 Stephen’s father wanted him to study medicine / physics / maths at university. 3 When Stephen first left Oxford, he went to Cambridge to study some more / start work / plan what he would do next. 4 In the early 1960s, Stephen observed that he was becoming more and more hungry / inactive / clumsy. 5 As a result of an operation in a Cambridge hospital, Stephen now has an artificial limb / voice / lung. 5 Listening total