articulation of sounds make the message clear and comprehensible. (5 marks). PRONUNCIATION. 7 1 leather. 2 bilingual. 3 choke. 4 hooded. 5 linen. 6 heart.
tones; listening to this music without other distractions. (not while .... A Hip-hop music is great fun. B I listen to ... hurricane in her hometown in 2005/ 2008/ 2011.
9 If you ______ (have) stomach ache on and off for a month, you should see a doctor. 10 When I arrived at work I realized I ______ (leave) my briefcase on the ...
8 I was a war ______ when I was young, but I cover economics ... in the shop. 5 I try to avoid .... 3 Do / you / prefer / shopping online / or / visit / shops? Why?
... I'd find it too stressful. 5 A I don't think Sam wants to come on holiday with ... doubled that number. According to the .... serious/ friendly/ clever. 3 Graeme thinks ...
3 Complete the sentences with the present perfect simple or continuous form of the verbs in brackets. Example: Have you ever had(you / ever / have) an operation? 1 How long ______ (you / learn) to play the piano? 2 I ______ (know) Judith since we met
These days, Mr Vroom stays on the ground, working as a teacher and giving lectures in his house in the city of Dallas in the United States. A He told friends it was cheaper than paying for a local babysitter. B Even more amazingly, he did this withou
CLASS. ENGLISH FILE. Upper-intermediate. 10 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A. 6 ______ Lake Windermere, in the Lake District, is the largest lake in England. 7 At nearly 7,000 metres, Aconcagua is the highest mountain in ______ Andes. 8 Shake
4 My boss has refused _____ me have the day off for my birthday. A letting â¡ B to let â¡ C let ... 11 I often listen to football on Radio 7 â I really like their _____.
6 Jason won't mind you using his computer â he's very l________-back. 7 Why did ... 1 do / to / how / for / guests / need / cook / we / many / ? 2 to / aren't / you ...
6 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A GRAMMAR
ENGLISH FILE Upper-intermediate
10 My mother would / use to always bake cakes on Saturdays when I was young – I loved it!
1 Complete the sentences with the gerund or infinitive form of the verbs in brackets.
Example: I can’t stand listening (listen) to people talking on their mobile phones.
1 Do you fancy ________ (go) for a walk in the park?
2 You should practise ________ (speak) English whenever you get the opportunity.
3 Complete the words in the sentences. Example: If a song has a strong beat, it makes you want to tap your feet.
3 The shop assistant refused ________ (give) me a refund. 4 I can’t remember ________ (have) a doll when I was a little girl. 5 You’d better ________ (ring) Darren and tell him we’ll be late. 6 Have you tried ________ (sleep) on the other side of the bed? 7 We can’t wait ________ (see) your new house. 8 My boss makes me ________ (work) at the weekend sometimes. 9 No one forgets ________ (see) Venice for the first time.
1 An e________ is an extra piece performed when the audience calls the performer back. 2 A f________ is a long thin metal instrument that you blow into. 3 A s________ is a female singer who sings very high. 4 Jazz and soul are examples of two different musical g________. 5 The person who directs an orchestra is called a c________. 6 A c________ looks like a very big violin. 6
10 Could you let me ________ (speak), please! 10
2 Underline the correct word(s). Example: I used to / ’m used to eat junk food, but now I eat very healthily. 1 Did you use to / used to do much sport at school? 2 Driving on the left was weird at first, but I use to / ’m used to it now. 3 We would / used to be very good children most of the time. 4 I wasn’t used to / didn’t use to eat fish at all, but I have it occasionally now. 5 Sam usually / use to goes to work by bus, but he decided to walk today. 6 Clara and Tom used to be / being a couple, but they’ve split up now. 7 I’m not used to / didn’t use to speaking so much English – it’s tiring! 8 I can’t get used to / be used to this new operating system. I prefer the old one. 9 On a free afternoon, I often / ’m used to drive to the coast and do some surfing.
4 Complete the sentences with the correct word(s). Example: My dad snores so loudly that he keeps everybody awake at night. yawns snores oversleeps 1 Why are you ________? Are you tired or just bored? snoring napping yawning 2 I didn’t hear you get back last night, I was ________ asleep. fast deep fallen 3 I use a special ________ that gives my long neck enough support. duvet blanket pillow 4 I used to suffer from ________. I would lie awake for hours every night. insomnia jet-lag nightmares 5 When it’s really hot in summer, I just sleep under a ________. pillow sheet duvet 6 If you eat too much late at night, it will ________ you awake. stay keep make 7 My uncle gets up very early but he sometimes has a ________ in the afternoons. dream yawn nap
Example: You look very chic / fashionable, as the French would say.
1 photograph ____
1 I love the architecture / graffiti in Rome – there are so many beautiful buildings.
3 cacophany ____
2 My aunt once visited a psychic / psychologist to try and contact my dead uncle. 3 Baristas / Macchiatos make your coffee in a coffee shop. 4 Carlo is one of the best chauffeurs / chefs around – his restaurant is always booked up. 5 Hélène Grimaud is performing Brahms Piano Concerto / Symphony no.1 tonight.
used by dentists or by doctors just before performing an
Read the article about music and mood. Five sentences have been removed. Which sentence (A–F) fits each gap (1–5)? There is one extra sentence you do not need to use.
(–––– 4 ––––) Any kind of relaxing, calming music can
Music and Mood The helpful effects of music on mental health have been known for thousands of years. Ancient philosophers from Plato to Confucius sang the praises of music and used it to help deal with stress. (–––– 1 ––––) Military bands use music to build confidence and courage. Sporting events provide music to build up enthusiasm. Modern research carried out by several psychologists supports what most people believe about music benefiting mood and confidence. Because of our unique experiences, we develop varied musical tastes and preferences. (–––– 2 ––––) Babies, for example, love lullabies. Maternal singing is particularly calming, even if a mother has no formal musical talents. Certain kinds of music make almost everyone feel worse – even when they say they enjoy it. A study of 144 adults and teenagers who listened to four different kinds of music showed that their emotions changed according to the music. Grunge music, which has a lot of guitar and drums, for example, led to significant increases in negative emotions such as sadness, tension, and fatigue across the entire group – even in the teenagers who said they liked it. In another study, college students reported the opposite when they listened to pop, rock, classical music, and oldies – songs from more than 15 years ago. They said it helped them feel happier and more optimistic, friendly, relaxed, and calm. Everyone who has learned the alphabet knows that it is
operation to help patients cope with their concerns. contribute to calmer moods. It is often combined with cognitive therapy to lower anxiety. Some studies suggest that specially designed music, which includes certain tones, can help improve symptoms in anxious patients even more than music without these tones; listening to this music without other distractions (not while driving, cooking, talking, or reading) promotes the best benefits. Since ancient times, it has been known that certain kinds of music can help soothe away stress. Calming background music can help patients in hospital feel less bad-tempered. It can also help elderly patients in nursing homes who are very ill feel calmer. Music, wisely chosen, lowers stress hormone levels. (–––– 5 ––––) Knowing that certain kinds of music can reduce stress is one thing. Being attentive in choosing what kind of music to listen to is another. So, choose your music as carefully as you choose your food and friends.
A Music helps decrease worries in the elderly, new mothers, and children too. B And in modern times, shopping malls play music to attract customers and keep them in the store. C This can be used to help children and teenagers with attention problems in several ways. D However, it’s difficult to explain how exactly it works. E On the other hand, parents of teenagers know that certain kinds of music, particularly at high volumes, can cause stress. F Despite these differences, however, there are some common responses to music. Reading total
easier to memorize a list if it is set to music. Scientific research supports what many people believe – that pairing music with a musical rhythm improves learning and helps people to remember things. (–––– 3 ––––) First of all, it can be used as a reward when someone behaves in the required way. For example, for paying attention to homework for ten minutes, a child can be given the opportunity to listen to music for five minutes. Second, it can be used to help increase attention to ‘boring’ academic tasks such as memorization, using songs, rhythms, and dance or movement to enhance the interest of the lists to be memorized. Instrumental music is great for improving attention and reasoning, and for students, playing background music is not distracting. Lastly, music can be
You recently attended a concert in your town. Write an email to your friend telling him / her about the concert. Write 140–180 words. Include the following information: • tell him / her what kind of music was played at the concert • explain why you like that kind of music • say whether the concert was as good as you had hoped it would be
used to help organize activities – one kind of music for one activity (studying), another for a different activity (eating), and a third kind for going to bed.
1 Listen to five people talking about the music they enjoy listening to. Choose from the list (A–F) what each speaker says about the music they listen to. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter you do not need to use.
1 Make questions and ask your partner.
A I like classical music because it has no words. B Hip-hop music is great fun. C For me, jazz music is comforting. D If I’m alone, I listen to pop music. E Rock music makes me feel more lively. F I’ve become quite interested in folk music.
1 Which / musical instrument / like / learn / play? Why? 2 Would / rather / listen / live music / recorded music? Why? 3 What sort of music / listen to and why? 4 What / usually do before / go to bed? 5 How much sleep / usually get each night?
Now answer your partner’s questions. 2 Listen to your partner talking about a person’s personality. Do you agree with him / her?
3 Talk about the statement below, saying if you agree or disagree. Give reasons. ‘A day without listening to music is an empty day.’ 5
2 Listen to a student give a presentation about a musician and performer. Underline the correct answer.
Listening and Speaking total
1 Beyoncé’s latest business deals with perfumes / games / drinks. 2 Beyoncé’s fashion company is named after her mother / a clothes designer / a computer company. 3 Initially, clothes by Beyoncé’s company could be bought in the US / the US and Canada / the US, Canada and Brazil. 4 The charity Beyoncé and Kelly Rowland set up dealt with food / clothing / houses for people who suffered in the hurricane. 5 To raise money for her latest campaign, Beyoncé released a new song / produced an album with other celebrities / appeared in a concert. 5 Listening total